Data & Facts
The Kingdom of Bhutan is a landlocked country in South Asia at the Eastern end of the Himalayas. It is bordered to the south, east and west by India and to the north by Tibet (China). The Bhutanese call their country Druk Yul which translates as "Land of the Thunder Dragon".
Bhutan was isolated for a long time, partially due to its geography, from the rest of the world and politically withdrawn. It only opened in the 1970’s.
As a result, Bhutan has preserved its unique culture and is seeking to balance its rich cultural heritage and biodiversity with a moderate development strategy.
The previous King of Bhutan, His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuck, was the driving force behind the development and modernization of Bhutan. The constitution was discussed by Parliament in its first session in 2008 and consequently adopted. Similar to England, Bhutan changed from an absolute monarchy to a parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
|Location||Eastern Himalayas; Bhutan is bordered by Tibet to the north and the Indian states of Assam and West Bengal to the east, west and south.|
|Altitude||180 to 7550 m above sea level|
|Local Time||GMT + 6 hours|
|Other Religions||Hinduism, Bon-Religion, Christianity, Islam|
|National Day||17th of December: In memory of the coronation of Ugyen Wangchuk, the first King of Bhutan, at the Punakha Dzong.|
|National flower||Blue Poppy|
|Economy||Agriculture and livestock breeding contribute about 35 % to GNP. More than 90% of the people live on subsistence farming. Farms are narrow pieces of land cut into terraces on hill slopes. Forestry contributes 15 % to GNP; industry and mining: 10% to GNP.|