Environment & Nature
Bhutan is a nature paradise on earth. The Himalayan kingdom is blessed with a unique fauna and flora. The majestic Himalayas in the north, tropical forests in the south: The four different climate zones - subtropical, tropical, temperate and alpine zones – have their own flora and fauna.
Goannas, tigers and Asian elephants, bears, wolves and sheep - all typical species of Asia can be found in the small Himalayan Kingdom.
Bhutan is also home to many medicinal plants which are also actively being used. One of the historical names of Bhutan is "The southern valley of healing herbs".
Besides herbs there are many other rare plant species in the different climate zones of Bhutan: 50 different rhododendron species, an impressive number of orchid, magnolia, juniper, carnivorous plants, edelweiss, gentian and tropical trees as well as pines and oaks.
Nature conservation is an integral part of the development goals of Bhutan. Worldwide it is the only country that has enshrined the protection of at least 60% of its forest area in its constitution. In addition, Bhutan has the largest ratio of protected areas to the entire territory: 26% of the country are designated as national parks, a total of 35% are protected.
Bhutan wants to be the first country in the world to operate a purely ecological agriculture and thus protect air, water and earth from pollutants and pesticides. This is also part of the development strategy, which is not focused solely on profit, but rather on the health, happiness and well-being of its residents. Bhutan is producing sustainable energy from water and solar power which helps Bhutan to export energy and be more independent.